Hair loss for womenAlthough this condition is most often attributed to men, an abnormal hair loss can quite frequently affect women. Indeed, many women suffer from a specific kind of alopecia named androgenetic. This type of alopecia is largely hereditary and hormonal, hence the term androgenetic (andro = androgen = genetic inheritance). At Norgil we get as many women than men attending clinics for alopecia problems.
Among all women dealing with hair loss problems, more than 90% are affected by this form of alopecia. However, it is important to do the correct diagnosis because every human being, whether man or woman, is subject to a natural loss of hair every day, throughout his life.
Signs demonstrating androgenetic hair loss
- You lose more than 100 hairs a day and has been in this situation for several weeks (see figures on hair loss and growth).
- You notice an accelerating loss or substantial degradation of the amount of hair on your scalp.
- You notice a partial or total lightening of your hair, and you realize that there is no regrowth.
The process of hair loss in womenWhen hormonal disturbances occur, natural hair cycle is disrupted. When the anagen (period of hair growth) is shortened, the abnormal hair loss is worsening. A seborrheic excess risk (excess fat on the scalp caused by a disorder of the sebaceous gland), is common during this time, and can exacerbate hair loss.
Learn more about the natural cycle of hairs
Male hormones (testosterone) can mutate into DHT (dihydrotestosterone) when the level of the enzyme 5 alpha reductase is too high, this change will cause a shortening of the growth phase of the hair (anagen phase).
Learn more about DHT
Affected areas of the scalp
The most affected areas are the frontal area, the top of head and vertex.The lightening area's is generally observed near the natural separation of the woman's hair (central line) or where women used to separate the hair.
Baldness near the temples and at the front of the headIn a later stage, this area may become larger, the hair loss then extending over much of the overhead with lightening up the front area and the top of the neck.
Main physiological causesSeveral predispositions or physiological disorders may increase the risk of suffering from hair loss. Here is a more detailed description of the two main physiological causes of androgenetic alopecia:
HeredityFrom the embryonic stage, heredity begins to play a role in the formation of the scalp from the dominant genes of the woman or man. When the mother is already suffering from a form of alopecia, even before her pregnancy, the chances for the baby to be affected later is multiplied by 10. When both mother and father suffer from alopecia, the risk is increasing than to 90%.
HormonesPhysiological changes, more frequent in women as well as other external factors, favorise hormonal changes. At each stage of a woman's life, different types of hormones are secreted in variant quantities depending of her age and her lifestyle.
The life cycles of women and their effects on hair
At birth, the baby is in phase of hair production; therefore you should not be upset if certain areas are not covered. Moreover, in the first months of life, babies can lose more hair at the same time and, more intensively than adult women. Indeed, in infants, the telogen phase occurs around the same time for all hair follicles.
Little Girl (2 year to 10 years)
In the early stage of infancy, the girl faces a number of virus and many opportunities for infection. It is very important to provide healthy diet and that contains all the essential nutrients.
If the diet is deficient, especially when facing vitamin deficiencies, the little girl could be affected by problems such as scalp irritation, and scalp redness.
Puberty and adolescent (10 to 18 years)
More rarely affected by serious problems of alopecia, the teenage girl enters an important phase of transition to the adulthood. Hormonal changes due to the onset of menstruation and other changes that characterize this phase of development increases the likelihood of occurrence of the problem of hair loss.
We must see that the supply of nutrients from food or dietary supplements is tightly controlled so that no shortage could increase the risk of hair loss.
At this age, the teenage girl may decide to seek professional help if her hair problem is observed over a several weeks period.
Hair Styling productsBasically, this stage of life does not cause hormonal changes itself. However, the majority of women use a multitude of products and styling tools. Some of them can be harmful, while others, though harmless in themselves, can be misused. It is important to know the right techniques for each one in order to keep the hair healthy.
Learn more about products for styling hair and hair loss
The contraceptive pillThis method of contraception involves many important hormonal changes in women, particularly in the level of estrogen and progesterone. The purpose of these pills is precisely to prevent ovulation and create a significant hormonal change.
Learn more about the birth control pills
Pregnancy and childbirth
All pregnancies are different and each woman responds differently to important physiological and hormonal changes that disrupt her body.
Hormones and pregnancyAt the first signs of the embryo emergence, a few days after conception, the first hormone that can detect the presence of a pregnancy is surfacing: the HCG or human chorionic gonadotropin. The function of this hormone is to secrete more estrogen and progesterone, which affects the scalp of the pregnant woman. More often than not, it is a significant improvement of capillary health.
Learn more about hair loss in pregnancy and motherhood
This period between the perimenopause and post-menopause, is characterized by a drastic drop in estrogen hormones in women. Often accompanied by various changes and physiological disorders, menopause can sometimes cause baldness and abnormal hair loss.
Indeed, at this level, the woman with used hair, to a certain amount of estrogen (female hormone) which controls androgens (male hormones) might notice a significant decrease in capillary volume.
Following menopause period, called post-menopause is characterized by a depletion of the scalp. In addition, the hairs of a mature woman are often thinner and becoming whiter, which can give the appearance of baldness.
Stress and FatigueThroughout his life, the woman will have to face several episodes of stress.
Women in the labor market
Stress related to the world of work is increasingly important. Often, in addition to the daily performance and competition stress, the woman faces several responsibilities in all spheres of her life, including her domestic life.
Women at homeFor the woman at home, especially if she have many dependent children, the situation is not much easier. Indeed the many responsibilities towards her children and the lack of sleep and rest reduces its physical capacity.
The visual appearanceAnother form of stress affects the majority of women, the stress associated with their physical appearance. The pressure by the media that is showing beautiful hair and perfect body women can get heavy on the psychological level. This weight is even more important if the hair is dull, dry, oily, brittle, or if the woman has other hair problems. More things get worse, the more the woman is feeling guilty over the health of her hair.
The battle against cancer is known to all as being a serious of annoyance over both the health, look and the morale. Hair loss following some forms of chemotherapy in women makes the trial of illness even more difficult to overcome. The solutions, however, are very varied but often overlooked. Although this hair loss is often temporary, it is important to take the necessary measures to get back all the splendor of healthy hair a few months after the event.
The woman get indeed several alternatives for each phase of chemotherapy and post-chemotherapy. For the duration of chemotherapy and during the hair regrowth, women can count on a wide selection of natural or synthetic wigs on the market. It is advisable to maximize the potential of hair regrowth after chemotherapy following the advice of health care professionals of the hair.
Learn more about chemotherapy and hair loss
DandruffOften combined with itching, the dandruff gives the impression that the woman don't take care of her hair. In fact, the film has many causes and are not necessarily related to poor hygiene.
Get more information about dandruff and itching
Diets and severe diets can often lead to nutritional deficiencies. Women are particularly affected by these problems, given the pressure from society and the media about her physical appearance. Problems such as bulimia and anorexia can easily have serious physiological consequences. The scalp of women is not spared by these harmful behaviors.
Learn more about diet and hair loss
Parasites and other diseasesSeveral diseases and parasites of the scalp can cause problems for the woman's hair. Among them are found dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp, alopecia areata, psoriasis, lupus, and trichotillomania.
Changes in habitsAt all stages of a woman's life, it is good to consider the physiological changes, significant events or harmful life habits to prevent a significant loss of hair.
To obtain an assessment of the condition of your hair that will helps you prevent hair loss or improve the health of your scalp, contact a real hair expert that will support you in your efforts.